Thursday, June 18, 2015

Is it God who made this evil world ? Sri Aurobindo answers Maurice Magre.

The French poet-writer-dramatist Maurice Magre (1877-1941) asked the Mother in 1933 if it is God who made this evil world. The Mother showed it to Sri Aurobindo and Sri Aurobindo decided to answer it himself. This was in June 1933. His answer became the true centerpiece of a booklet entitled The Riddle of This World first published in November 1933. It is now included in his Letters on Yoga. (pp. 24-32) The full answer, patient and many-sided, in luminous calm of the seer-thinker, runs as follows:
It is not to be denied, no spiritual experience will deny that this is an unideal and unsatisfactory world, strongly marked with the stamp of inadequacy, suffering, evil. Indeed this perception is in a way the starting-point of the spiritual urge—except for the few to whom the greater experience comes spontaneously without being forced to it by the strong or overwhelming, the afflicting and detaching sense of the Shadow overhanging the whole range of this manifested existence. But still the question remains whether this is indeed, as is contended, the essential character of all manifestation or so long at least as there is a physical world it must be of this nature, so that the desire of birth, the will to manifest or create has to be regarded as the original sin and withdrawal from birth or manifestation as the sole possible way of salvation. For those who perceive it so or with some kindred look—and these have been the majority—there are well-known ways of issue, a straight-cut to spiritual deliverance. But equally it may not be so but only seem so to our ignorance or to a partial knowledge—the imperfection, the evil, the suffering may be a besetting circumstance or a dolorous passage, but not the very condition of manifestation, not the very essence of birth in Nature. And if so, the highest wisdom will lie not in escape, but in the urge towards a victory here, in a consenting association with the Will behind the world, in a discovery of the spiritual gate to perfection which will be at the same time an opening for the entire descent of the Divine Light, Knowledge, Power, Beatitude.
All spiritual experience affirms that there is a Permanent above the transience of this manifested world we live in and this limited consciousness in whose narrow borders we grope and struggle and that its characters are infinity, self-existence, freedom, absolute Light, absolute Beatitude. Is there then an unbridgeable gulf between that which is beyond and that which is here or are they two perpetual opposites and only by leaving this adventure in Time behind, by overleaping the gulf can men reach the Eternal? That is what seems to be at the end of one line of experience which has been followed to its rigorous conclusion by Buddhism and a little less rigorously by a certain type of Monistic spirituality which admits some connection of the world with the Divine, but still opposes them in the last resort to each other as truth and illusion. But there is also this other and indubitable experience that the Divine is here in everything as well as above and behind everything, that all is in That and is That when we go back from its appearance to its Reality. It is a significant and illumining fact that the Knower of Brahman even moving and acting in this world, even bearing all its shocks, can live in some absolute peace, light and beatitude of the Divine. There is then here something other than that mere trenchant opposition—there is a mystery, a problem which one would think must admit of some less desperate solution. This spiritual possibility points beyond itself and brings a ray of hope into the darkness of our fallen existence.
And at once a first question arises—is this world an unchanging succession of the same phenomena always or is there in it an evolutionary urge, an evolutionary fact, a ladder of ascension somewhere from an original apparent Inconscience to a more and more developed consciousness, from each development still ascending, emerging on highest heights not yet within our normal reach? If so, what is the sense, the fundamental principle, the logical issue of that progression? Everything seems to point to such a progression as a fact—to a spiritual and not merely a physical evolution. Here too there is a justifying line of spiritual experience in which we discover that the Inconscient from which all starts is apparent only, for in it there is an involved Consciousness with endless possibilities, a consciousness not limited but cosmic and infinite, a concealed and self-imprisoned Divine, imprisoned in Matter but with every potentiality held in its secret depths. Out of this apparent Inconscience each potentiality is revealed in its turn, first organised Matter concealing the indwelling Spirit, then Life emerging in the plant and associated in the animal with a growing Mind, then Mind itself evolved and organised in Man. This evolution, this spiritual progression—does it stop short here in the imperfect mental being called Man? Or is the secret of it simply a succession of rebirths whose only purpose of issue is to labour towards the point at which it can learn its own futility, renounce itself and take its leap into some original unborn Existence or Non-Existence? There is at least the possibility, there comes at a certain point the certitude, that there is a far greater consciousness than what we call Mind, and that by ascending the ladder still farther we can find a point at which the hold of the material Inconscience, the vital and mental Ignorance ceases; a principle of consciousness becomes capable of manifestation which liberates not partially, not imperfectly, but radically and wholly this imprisoned Divine. In this vision each stage of evolution appears as due to the descent of a higher and higher Power of consciousness, raising the terrestrial level, creating a new stratum, but the highest yet remain to descend and it is by their descent that the riddle of terrestrial existence will receive its solution and not only the soul but Nature herself find her deliverance. This is the Truth which has been seen in flashes, in more and more entirety of its terms by the line of seers whom the Tantra would call the hero-seekers and the divine-seekers and which may now be nearing the point of readiness for its full revelation and experience. Then whatever be the heavy weight of strife and suffering and darkness in the world, yet if there is this as its high result awaiting us, all that has gone before may not be counted too great a price by the strong and adventurous for the glory that is to come. At any rate the shadow lifts; there is a Divine Light that leans over the world and is not only a far-off incommunicable Lustre.
It is true that the problem still remains why all this that yet is should have been necessary—these crude beginnings, this long and stormy passage—why should the heavy and tedious price be demanded, why should evil and suffering ever have been there. For to the how of the fall into the Ignorance as opposed to the why, the effective cause, there is a substantial agreement in all spiritual experience. It is the division, the separation, the principle of isolation from the Permanent and One that brought it about; it is because the ego set up for itself in the world emphasising its own desire and self-affirmation in preference to its unity with the Divine and its oneness with all; it is because instead of the one supreme Force, Wisdom, Light determining the harmony of all forces each Idea, Force, Form of things was allowed to work itself out as far as it could in the mass of infinite possibilities by its separate will and inevitably in the end by conflict with others. Division, ego, the imperfect consciousness and groping and struggle of a separate self-affirmation are the efficient cause of the suffering and ignorance of this world. Once consciousnesses separated from the one consciousness, they fell inevitably into Ignorance and the last result of Ignorance was Inconscience; from a dark immense Inconscient this material world arises and out of it a soul that by evolution is struggling into consciousness, attracted towards the hidden Light, ascending but still blindly towards the lost Divinity from which it came.
But why should this have happened at all? One common way of putting the question and answering it ought to be eliminated from the first,—the human way and its ethical revolt and reprobation, its emotional outcry. For it is not, as some religions suppose, a supra-cosmic, arbitrary, personal Deity himself altogether uninvolved in the fall who has imposed evil and suffering on creatures made capriciously by his fiat. The Divine we know is an Infinite Being in whose infinite manifestation these things have come—it is the Divine itself that is here, behind us, pervading the manifestation, supporting the world with its oneness; it is the Divine that is in us upholding itself the burden of the fall and its dark consequence. If above It stands for ever in its perfect Light, Bliss and Peace, It is also here; its Light, Bliss and Peace are secretly here supporting all; in ourselves there is a spirit, a central presence greater than the series of surface personalities which, like the supreme Divine itself, is not overborne by the fate they endure. If we find out this Divine within us, if we know ourselves as this spirit which is of one essence and being with the Divine, that is our gate of deliverance and in it we can remain ourselves even in the midst of this world's disharmonies, luminous, blissful and free. That much is the age-old testimony of spiritual experience.
But still what is the purpose and origin of the disharmony—why came this division and ego, this world of painful evolution? Why must evil and sorrow enter into the divine Good, Bliss and Peace? It is hard to answer to the human intelligence on its own level, for the consciousness to which the origin of this phenomenon belongs and to which it stands as it were automatically justified in a supra-intellectual knowledge, is a cosmic and not an individualised human intelligence; it sees in larger spaces, it has another vision and cognition, other terms of consciousness than human reason and feeling. To the human mind one might answer that while in itself the Infinite might be free from those perturbations, yet once manifestation began infinite possibility also began and among the infinite possibilities which it is the function of the universal manifestation to work out, the negation, the apparent effective negation—with all its consequences—of the Power, Light, Peace, Bliss was very evidently one. If it is asked why even if possible it should have been accepted, the answer nearest to the Cosmic Truth which the human intelligence can make is that in the relations or in the transition of the Divine in the Oneness to the Divine in the Many, this ominous possible became at a certain point an inevitable. For once it appears it acquires for the Soul descending into evolutionary manifestation an irresistible attraction which creates the inevitability—an attraction which in human terms on the terrestrial level might be interpreted as the call of the unknown, the joy of danger and difficulty and adventure, the will to attempt the impossible, to work out the incalculable, the will to create the new and the uncreated with one's own self and life as the material, the fascination of contradictories and their difficult harmonisation—these things translated into another supraphysical, superhuman consciousness, higher and wider than the mental, were the temptation that led to the fall. For to the original being of light on the verge of the descent the one thing unknown was the depths of the abyss, the possibilities of the Divine in the Ignorance and Inconscience. On the other side from the Divine Oneness a vast acquiescence, compassionate, consenting, helpful, a supreme knowledge that this thing must be, that having appeared it must be worked out, that its appearance is in a certain sense part of an incalculable infinite wisdom, that if the plunge into Night was inevitable the emergence into a new unprecedented Day was also a certitude, and that only so could a certain manifestation of the Supreme Truth be effected—by a working out with its phenomenal opposites as the starting-point of the evolution, as the condition laid down for a transforming emergence. In this acquiescence was embraced too the will of the great Sacrifice, the descent of the Divine itself into the Inconsience to take up the burden of the Ignorance and its consequences, to intervene as the Avatar and the Vibhuti walking between the double sign of the Cross and the Victory towards the fulfilment and deliverance. A too imaged rendering of the inexpressible Truth? But without images how to present to the intellect a mystery far beyond it? It is only when one has crossed the barrier of the limited intelligence and shared in the cosmic experience and the knowledge which sees things from identity that the supreme realities which lie behind these images—images corresponding to the terrestrial fact—assume their divine forms and are felt as simple, natural, implied in the essence of things. It is by entering into that greater consciousness alone that one can grasp the inevitability of its self-creation and its purpose.
This is indeed only the Truth of the manifestation as it presents itself to the consciousness when it stands on the border line between Eternity and the descent into Time where the relation between the One and the Many in the evolution is self-determined, a zone where all that is to be is implied but not yet in action. But the liberated consciousness can rise higher where the problem exists no longer and from there see it in the light of a supreme identity where all is predetermined in the automatic self-existent truth of things and self-justified to an absolute consciousness and wisdom and absolute Delight which is behind all creation and non-creation and the affirmation and negation are both seen with the eyes of the ineffable Reality that delivers and reconciles them. But that knowledge is not expressible to the human mind; its language of light is too undecipherable, the light itself too bright for a consciousness accustomed to the stress and obscurity of the cosmic riddle and entangled in it to follow the clue or to grasp its secret. In any case, it is only when we rise in the spirit beyond the zone of the darkness and the struggle that we enter into the full significance of it and there is a deliverance of the soul from its enigma. To rise to that height of liberation is the true way out and the only means of the indubitable knowledge.
But the liberation and transcendence need not necessarily impose a disappearance, a sheer dissolving out from the manifestation; it can prepare a liberation into action of the highest Knowledge and an intensity of Power that can transform the world and fulfil the evolutionary urge. It is an ascent from which there is no longer a fall but a winged or self-sustained descent of light, force and Ananda.
It is what is inherent in force of being that manifests as becoming; but what the manifestation shall be, its terms, its balance of energies, its arrangement of principles depends on the consciousness which acts in the creative force, on the power of consciousness which Being delivers from itself for manifestation. It is in the nature of Being to be able to grade and vary its powers of consciousness and determine according to the grade and variation its world or its degree and scope of self-revelation. The manifested creation is limited by the power to which it belongs and sees and lives according to it and can only see more, live more powerfully, change its world by opening or moving towards or making descend a greater power of consciousness that was above it. This is what is happening in the evolution of consciousness in our world, a world of inanimate matter producing under the stress of this necessity a power of life, a power of mind which bring into it new forms of creation and still labouring to produce, to make descend into it some supramental power. It is further an operation of creative force which moves between two poles of consciousness. On one side there is a secret consciousness within and above which contains in it all potentialities—there eternally manifest, here awaiting delivery—of light, peace, power and bliss. On the other side there is another, outward on the surface and below, that starts from the apparent opposite of unconsciousness, inertia, blind stress, possibility of suffering and grows by receiving into itself higher and higher powers which make it always re-create its manifestation in larger terms, each new creation of this kind bringing out something of the inner potentiality, making it more and more possible to bring down the Perfection that waits above. As long as the outward personality we call ourselves is centred in the lower powers of consciousness, the riddle of its own existence, its purpose, its necessity is to it an insoluble enigma; if something of the truth is at all conveyed to this outward mental man, he but imperfectly grasps it and perhaps misinterprets and misuses and mislives it. His true staff of walking is made more of a fire of faith than any ascertained and indubitable light of knowledge. It is only by rising toward a higher consciousness beyond the mental line and therefore superconscient now to him that he can emerge from his inability and his ignorance. His full liberation and enlightenment will come when he crosses the line into the light of a new superconscient existence. That is the transcendence which was the object of aspiration of the mystics and the spiritual seekers.

But in itself this would change nothing in the creation here, the evasion of a liberated soul from the world makes to that world no difference. But this crossing of the line if turned not only to an ascending but to a descending purpose would mean the transformation of the line from what it now is, a lid, a barrier, into a passage for the higher powers of consciousness of the Being now above it. It would mean a new creation on earth, a bringing in of the ultimate powers which would reverse the conditions here, in as much as that would produce a creation raised into the full flood of spiritual and supramental light in place of one emerging into a half-light of mind out of a darkness of material inconscience. It is only in such a full flood of the realised spirit that the embodied being could know, in the sense of all that was involved in it, the meaning and temporary necessity of his descent into the darkness and its conditions and at the same time dissolve them by a luminous transmutation into a manifestation here of the revealed and no longer of the veiled and disguised or apparently deformed Divine.

I would like them (the Government) to recognise Yoga as education, not so much for ourselves, but it will be good for the country.
Matter will be transformed. That will be a solid base. Life will be divinised. Let India take the lead.
- The Mother 
(CWMCE, Vol. 12, On Education, Page 254)


Text of PM's remarks at International Conference on Yoga for Holistic Health

Fellow practitioners of yoga assembled here today and all over the world,

Today we are celebrating the first International Day of Yoga. When I spoke at the United Nations General Assembly on 27 September, 2014, urging the world community to adopt an international day of yoga, little did I know the kind of unprecedented response our proposal would receive.

The community of nations responded as one. On December 11, 2014 the 193-member United Nations General Assembly approved the proposal by consensus with a record 177 co-sponsoring countries. वैसे UN के इतिहास में अपने आप में एक बहुत बड़ी घटना है।

As I stand here today the International Day of Yoga is being celebrated across the world.

Millions of people around the world are participating in this event. From sunrise in the Far East to sunset in the furthest corner of the western hemisphere, people will join in this great celebration of yoga today.

In India, this morning, millions of people participated in a simple yoga demonstration at Rajpath, in states and district capitals, in community groups and in their homes also. This solidarity in yoga, this coming together with our brothers and sisters in other countries, brings our hearts and minds closer. I am also happy to release here today a commemorate coin and postal stamp on the occasion.

I am grateful to the international community for the support. I acknowledge with all humility that this support is not just for India. This support is for the great tradition of yoga, the tradition that helps individuals and societies to discover a sense of oneness with the self, with each other and nature.

The reach and spread of yoga spans continents, cuts across differences of colour, class and creed. I am told that there are communities of yoga practitioners in almost every country in the world.

From the banks of the river Indus to every continent in the world yoga has spread harmony between man and nature and a holistic approach to health and wellbeing.

It is said that yoga transforms lives जो लोग योगा से परिचित है उन्‍हें पता है कि योगा एक प्रकार से अगर हममें से कोई ऐसा नहीं होगा दुनिया में कोई इंसान ऐसा नहीं होगा जो ये न चाहता हो कि वो जीवन को जी-भर जीना चाहता है। हर कोई जीवन को जी-भरके जीना चाहता है और मैं विश्‍वास से कहता हूं कि योग ये जीवन को जी-भरके जीने की जड़ी-बूटी है।

In order to benefit fully from yoga, to understand yoga in its entirety, we must understand who is a yogi.

A yogi is a person who is in harmony – with herself, her body, with her surroundings, with nature. Yoga is the means to achieve that harmony.

From the Upanishads, comes the idea of Yoga to transform human consciousness through control of body and senses through constant practice. The body is the vehicle for the realization of the Supreme Being.

The Bhagvad Gita - the song of the world – is a call to action and defines itself as a योगशास्त्र . The Gita says “योग कर्मेषु कौशलम्” – that is, yoga is excellence at work. Work with devotion and without attachment is yoga.

The Gita also says “योगस्य तथा कुरू कर्माणी” – act with the discernment of a yogi.

Yoga is, therefore, a vision for a harmonious future for humanity. It is an “अवस्था”. That Is a state of mind and is a distinct from a “व्यवस्था”. कई लोगों को योग एक व्यवस्था के रूप में दिखता है, योग एक अवस्था है, योग कोई संस्था नहीं है। योग य़ह आस्था है और जब तक हम उसे उस रूप में नही पाते, जब तक हम उसे टुकड़ो में देखते हैं उसकी पूर्णता को पहचान नहीं पाते।

People often think that yoga is just a set of exercises. Yoga is a philosophy of discipline and meditation that transforms the spirit and makes the individual a better person in thought, action, knowledge and devotion.

The problems of modern lifestyles are well known. People suffer from stress related ailments, lifestyle related diseases like diabetes and hyper-tension. We have found ways to control communicable diseases, but the burden of disease is shifting to non-communicable diseases. Young people who are not at peace with themselves seek refuge in drugs and alcohol. There is ample evidence that practicing yoga helps combat stress and chronic conditions. If the body is a temple of the mind, yoga creates a beautiful temple.

The benefits of yoga are manifold. When practised correctly and with discipline, Yoga leads to:

Perfection of our body’s potential in strength, skill, and general well-being, peaceful and stress-free living. कभी- कभार योगा की शक्ति को पहचानने में भी हम वैसी ही गलती कर देते हैं, जैसी हम अपने आप को पहचानने में करते हैं। जिस व्यक्ति ने वृक्ष नही देखा है, बीज से वृक्ष बनता है उसका ज्ञान नही है और उसे कोई बीज (seeds) बता दे कि देखो कि इसमें ये Potential है कि इतना महान वृक्ष बन सकता है, तो वो विश्वास नही करेगा वो सैंकड़ो सवाल पूछेगा । लेकिन उसी छोटे से बीज का अगर उचित लालन-पालन हो खान-पान हो, ऊर्जा हो, पानी हो, प्रकृति का साथ हो तो वही बीज वटवृक्ष में convert हो जाता है| मनुष्य के भीतर भी परमात्मा ने सभी शक्तियां दी हुई है। मुझे दिया है और आपको नही दिया है, ऐसा नही है | मानव मात्र को यह सामर्थय दिया हुआ है लेकिन जो उसके लालन-पालन की कला जानता है, जो उसे विकसित करने का अवसर प्राप्त करता है, जो व्यव्स्था के तहत, आस्था के तहत, practice के तहत धीरे-धीरे विकसित करता है तो वो भी उत्कृष्ट जीवन की उंचाईयों को प्राप्त कर सकता है और परमात्मा ने जीव मात्र मे जहां है वहां से ऊपर उठने की सहज इच्छाशक्ति दी है और योग उस परिस्थिति को पैदा करने का एक माध्यम है और इसलिए जिसको ज्ञान नही है, अनुभव नही है उसको शक होता है कि क्या योगा से संभव हो सकता है लेकिन जिसने बीज से बने वृक्ष की कथा को समझा है, उसके लिए यह संभव है। यदि बीज वटवृक्ष में परिवर्तित हो सकता है तो नर भी नारायण की स्थिति प्राप्त कर सकता है। अहम् बर्ह्मास्मि। रामदेव जी कह रहे थे अहम् बर्ह्मास्मि। जल, चेतन सबकुछ को अपने में समाहित करने का सामर्थय तब प्राप्त होता है जब स्वयं का विस्तार करते हैं। योगा एक प्रकार से स्व से समस्ति की यात्रा है। योगा एक प्रकार से अहम् से व्यम की ओर जाने का मार्ग है और इसलिए जो अहम् से व्यम की ओर जाना चाहता है जो स्व से समस्ति की ओर जाना चाहता है, जो प्रकृति के साथ जीना सीखना चाहता है, योग उसको अंगुली पकड़ के ले जाता है, चलना तो उसको ही पड़ता है और उस अर्थ में इसके सामर्थय को अगर जानें। और आज खुशी की बात है, जब हमने 20वीं शताब्दी की समाप्ति से 21वीं शताब्दी में प्रवेश किया। उस पल को याद कीजिए। पूरे विश्व में सूरज की किरणें जहां जहां जाती थी, आनंद उत्सव बनाया था। जब century बदली थी वो पल कैसा था आज दुबारा वो पल विश्व अनुभव कर रहा है। जहां- जहां सूरज की किरणे जा रहीं हैं। योग को अभिषिक्त करती जा रही है। पूर्व से पश्चिमी छोर तक ये यात्रा चल रही है। ये वैसा ही अवसर पैदा हुआ है जैसा 20वीं शताब्दी की समाप्ति से 21वीं शताब्दी में प्रवेश का पल था और विश्व ने जो अनुभूति की थी वो विश्व आज योगा के लिए कर रहा है। हर भारतीय के लिए, हर योगा प्रेमी के लिए, विश्व के हर कोने में बैठे व्यक्ति के लिए इससे बड़ा कोई गौरव नहीं हो सकता और उस गौरवगान में जब हम आगे बढ़ रहे हैं तब Control and mastery of our life-energies (प्राण) leading to health, long and disease-free life, capacity for full enjoyment of life.

Opening and refining of the heart’s emotions leading to greater compassion, mutual understanding, and sensitivity to the needs of others.

Full development of our mental powers, leading to heightened concentration, intelligence, creativity, intuition.

Liberation of our spirit from ignorance, suffering, incapacity, leading to freedom, equality, constant joyfulness and inner strength to overcome all challenges of life. It awakens the deeper sense of unity and oneness with the whole Universe and all living beings.

Together, these lead to the realisation of our highest divine Perfection.

At a community level, the evolution of the individual through yoga results in:

Reduction of greed, coarseness and violence in thought and action.

Enormous reduction in the cost of healthcare and social support.

A dramatic reduction in conflicts and misunderstandings within families, communities, and between nations.

Increased collaboration and effective teamwork in businesses and communities

Compassion towards all beings: plants, animals and humans and long-term and ecological thinking in all socio-economic planning.

Increased power of innovation, technology and knowledge; deeper impact of art, music, poetry, dance to uplift the quality of life and an overall increase in the pace of human development and evolution.

To sum up, in a world of excess, of seeking after materialism, yoga promises restraint and balance. In a world suffering from mental stress, yoga promises calm. In a distracted world, yoga creates focus, creates concentration. In a world of fear, yoga promises strength and courage. A healthy body and a disciplined mind are the foundations of a world free from fear. In crafting a new self through Yoga, we create a new world.

We live in a world that is divided, in a world in conflict over material gains. A world in conflict over failures to understand each other. How shall we understand each other, if we do not understand ourselves?

Swami Vivekanand says in his book on Rajyoga – “Each soul is potentially divine. The goal is to manifest this Divinity within by controlling nature, external and internal. Do this either by work, or worship, or control, or philosophy – by one, or more, or all of these -- and be free. This is the whole of religion. Doctrines, or dogmas, or rituals, or books, or temples, or forms, are but secondary details.”

It is this freedom that will free us from misunderstandings, from doubt, from conflict, and lead us towards world peace.

We are at a point in history, where global warming threatens the world as we know it. The world’s ecology is threatened by human greed and excess. Yoga shows the way to consumption that is healthy, balanced, and in tune with nature.

We will need to raise a generation that lives according to these principles if we want to leave the world habitable for future generations.

Sri Aurobindo said “Indian Yoga is potentially one of these dynamic elements of the future life of humanity. it is now emerging from the secret schools and ascetic retreats in which it had taken refuge and is seeking its place in the future sum of living human powers and utilities.” 

The spread of yoga, therefore, is the symbol of a changing world. In the past, yoga was the preserve of a select few saints. Today, it is available to all - in the words of Patanjali, “सार्वभौम” or a universal culture.

It represents a world where knowledge flows, without restriction of country, creed or class. It represents a world where people come together across boundaries, for causes and concerns that unite the planet.

आप कल्पना कर सकते है कि श्री अरबिंदो के ज़माने में ये कहीं नज़र नहीं आता था कि योग जन सामान्य का विषय बनेगा, बहुत ही सीमित दायरे में था लेकिन योगी अरविन्द के दृष्टि थी और उन्होंने ये तब देखा था कि वो वक्त आएगा जब योग जनसामान्य के जीवन का हिस्सा बनेगा. वो कुछ परम्पराओं में या संतों तक सीमित नहीं रहेगा , वो जन जन तक पहुंचेगा . आज से करीब 75 साल पहले श्री अरविन्द ने जो देखा था वो आज हम अनुभव कर रहे हैं . और यही तो ऋषि मुनियों के सामर्थ्य का परिचायक होता है और ये ताकत आती है योग के समर्पण से , योग कि अनुभूति से और योगमय जीवन से आती है. The closest parallel I can think of is the movement to protect the environment, to protect the world that we live in.

As we work to make the benefits of yoga accessible to the whole world, we will also work to keep barriers to knowledge down, to ensure free flow of knowledge and information across boundaries. We will work to maintain an open world free of prejudice and discrimination.

I greet all present here today, my fellow travelers in spreading the message of yoga. I greet all my fellow practitioners in different countries who are present here in spirit. Yoga is our collective gift to humanity. It may have originated in India, but it draws its energies from the millions who practice it around the world. International Yoga Day is not the brainchild of a government or of the United Nations. It is a reflection of the largest knowledge based peoples’ movement the world has ever seen. A movement of people whose lives have been touched, been changed by yoga. We will take this movement forward to aim for better health, more fulfilled lives and more connected communities.

On this day, I also pledge the spirit of India, the collective energy of our people, to the creation of a more equal world, a world without fear, a world of peace. We will build on the foundations of the Indian spirit and its creative genius to reach out and foster a culture of inclusiveness, of fraternity, of one global family – वसुधैव कुटुम्बकम.

I will end with the grand invocation of good health and peace – the Shanti Paath,
Sarve Bhavantu Sukhinah
Sarve Santu Niramaya
Sarve Bhadrani Pasyantu
Ma Kascit Dukkha Bhagbhavet

May All Be Happy
May all be free from illness
May all see that which is auspicious
May no one suffer

आप सब को अंतर्राष्ट्रीय योग दिवस पर बहुत-बहुत शुभकामनायें देता हूँ और ये दो दिवसीय सेमिनार... विश्‍व की हमसे अपेक्षाएं बहुत बढ़ जाएगी। अब यह हमारा दायित्‍व बनता है कि विश्‍व की अपेक्षाओं के अनुकूल योग के सही रूप को और समयानुकूल स्थिति में, हम जगत तक कैसे पहुंचाएं? दुनिया समझे उस terminology में, हम इसे कैसे पहुंचाएं?

मैं कभी-कभी कहता हूं कि अच्‍छे-से-अच्‍छे Mobile Phone की Brand हो लेकिन बहुत कम लोग होते हैं जिनको उसके user-manual का अता-पता होता है। ज्‍यादातर तो red and green button से ही उसका संबंध रहता है telephone cut करना और telephone on करना और जिसको उसका ज्ञान होता है user-manual का उस छोटी सी चीज से अपनी हथेली में सारी दुनिया को अपने हाथ में कर लेता है। परमात्‍मा ने हमें भी जो software दिया है न हमें उसके user-manual का पूरा पता ही नहीं है। हमें भी मालूम नहीं है कि परमात्‍मा ने हमें क्‍या-क्‍या दिया है? अगर हम योगा के माध्‍यम से उस user-manual को पढ़ना सीख लें तो फिर उपयोग करना धीरे-धीरे आ ही जाएगा।

मैं कभी-कभी सोचता हूं मेरी handwriting तो अच्‍छी नहीं है लेकिन आपने देखा होगा कि एक teacher जो कि अच्‍छी handwriting के प्रति बड़े आग्रही हैं। class room में अपने students को सिखाते हैं लेकिन कुछ बच्‍चे होते है जिनकी handwriting बहुत अच्‍छी तरह सुधरने लग जाती है और कुछ लोग होते है pen वैसे ही पकड़ते हैं best quality का pen भी होता है कागज भी बढि़या से बढि़या होता है teacher भी भरपूर मेहनत करता है वो भी ऐसे ही हाथ घुमाता है लेकिन handwriting अच्‍छे नहीं आती फर्क किया है जिसके handwriting उत्‍तरोत्‍तर ठीक होने लगती है और एक अवस्‍था ऐसी आ जाती है कि वो कितनी ही भीड़-भाड़ में क्‍यों न हो, कितनी ही जल्‍दी में क्‍यों न हो बुढ़ापे की ओर चल दिया हो, हाथ थोड़ा कांपने लगा हो तो भी handwriting अच्‍छी ही रहती है। उसको कोई conscious effort नहीं करना पड़ता है। कोई जागरूक प्रयास नहीं करना पड़ता, वो सहज अवस्‍था होती है ...क्‍यों? उसने उसको internalize कर दिया है। जिसकी handwriting खराब है और वो consciously किसी विशेष व्‍यक्ति को चिठ्ठी लिखना चाहता है एक-दो लाईन तक तो ठीक कर लेता है फिर लुढ़क जाता है क्‍योंकि internalize नहीं किया है।

योग को समझने के लिए, मैं मानता हूं जिस बालक ने बचपन में तुरंत इसको adopt कर लिया अच्‍छे handwriting का कारण होगा उसके मन में जो चित्र बनता होगा उसकी आत्‍मा उसके साथ जुड़ती होगी, उसकी बुद्धि उसको आदेश देती होगी, उसका शरीर act करता होगा और वो परम्‍परा जीवनभर चलती होगी, वो योग का एक छोटा-सा रूप है और इसलिए मैं कहता हूं कि practice से, training से हम इन अवस्‍थाओं को प्राप्‍त कर सकते है और इन अवस्‍थाओं को प्राप्‍त करने के लिए अगर हम और ये बात सही है कि कोई बहुत बड़ी-बड़ी बातें बताता है तो फिर कठिनाई हो जाती है, फिर धीरे-धीरे विश्‍वास डूबने लग जाता है लेकिन छोटी-छोटी बातों से देखें तो पता चलता है यार ये तो मैं भी कर सकता हूं, ये तो दो कदम मैं भी चल सकता हूं। हमने विश्‍व के सामने योग का वो रूप लाना है कि भाई ठीक है आज नहीं लेकिन दो कदम चलो तो तुम पहुंच जाओगे। अगर ये हमने इसको बनाया तो मैं समझता हूं कि बहुत बड़ा लाभ होगा।

भारत के सामने एक बहुत बड़ी जिम्‍मेवारी है, मैं बहुत जिम्‍मेवारी के साथ कहता हूं अगर योग को हम commodity बना देंगे तो शायद योग का सबसे ज्‍यादा नुकसान हमारे ही हाथों हो जाएगा। योग एक commodity नहीं है, योग वो brand नहीं है जो बिकाऊ हो सकती है। ये जीवन को जोड़ने वाला, जीवन को प्रकृति से जोड़ने वाला एक ऐसा महान उद्देशय है जिसको हमने चरितार्थ करना है और विश्‍व भारत की तरफ देखेगा और ये बात सही है आज से 50 साल पहले कभी भी हमने बाजार में board देखा था “शुद्ध घी की दुकान” देखा था 50 साल पहले शुद्ध घी की दुकान ऐसा board नहीं होता था लेकिन आज होता है क्‍यों? क्‍योंकि बाजार में माल आ गया है। योगा के संबंद्ध में कभी ऐसा न आना चाहिए वो दिन अभी तो बचे हुए है लेकिन कभी वैसा दिन नहीं आना चाहिए कि हमारा ही योगा सच है बाकि तो तुम बे-फालतु में कान-नाक पकड़ करके डॉलर खर्च कर रहे हो। ये व्‍यापार नहीं है, व्‍यवस्‍था नहीं है, ये अवस्‍था है और इसलिए जगत के कल्‍याण के लिए, मानव के कल्‍याण के लिए, मानव के भाग्‍य को बदलने के लिए ये भारत की भूमि का योगदान है। उसमें संजोने-संवारने को काम भारत के बाहर के लोगों ने भी किया है उनका भी ऋण स्‍वीकार करना होगा। इसे हम हमारी बपौती बना करके न बैठे ये विश्‍व का है, मानवजात का है और मानवजात के लिए है। ये इस युग का नहीं अनेक युगों के लिए है और समय के अनुकूल उसमें परिवर्तन भी आने वाला है।

जिन्‍होंने, जैसे हेगड़े जी बता रहे थे solar विमान के अंदर योगा किया होगा तो हो सकता है जगह कम होगी तो उनको वो योगा सिखाया होगा कि भई तुम ऐसे नाक पकड़ों, ऐसे पैर करो, हाथ नहीं हिलता तो कोई नहीं ऐसे कर लो उन्‍होंने modify किया होगा। तो जहां जैसी आवश्‍यकता हो वैसे परिवर्तन करते हुए इसको और आधुनिक बनाना और अधिक वैज्ञानिक बनाना और विज्ञान की कसौटी पर कसता चला जाए तो विश्‍व कल्‍याण के इस काम को हम करते रहेंगे, करना होगा और उस जिम्‍मेवारी को हम निभाते रहेंगे।

मैं फिर एक बार इस सारे अभियान में विश्‍वभर का ऋणी हूं। विश्‍व की सभी सरकारों का ऋणी हूं, विश्‍व के सभी समाजों का ऋणी हूं और मैं सबका बहुत-बहुत आभार व्‍यक्‍त करता हूं।
बहुत-बहुत धन्‍यवाद।


NEW DELHI: Yoga would now be taught as a compulsory subject not only from class VI to X in central government run schools but also as a training module in teacher education programmes.
Besides, a national-level competition on yoga would be organised here next year where the best performing student will be given a cash prize of Rs five lakh, HRD Minister Smriti Irani today said.
Releasing the syllabus and course material for the students, the Minister said the subject would not put any additional burden on students as 80 marks would be reserved for practicals.
“However, I want an assurance from students that they will perform the practicals with full devotion,” Irani said at a function here today, a day after the International Yoga Day celebration which saw participation of hundreds of school students and teachers.
Later talking to reporters, she said, the states are free to decide on adopting it in their syllabus and to link with their the course curriculum.
Officials said CBSE is yet to “devise” a strategy with regards to its implementation in the affiliated schools. The programme would, however, be made mandatory in Kendriya Vidyalayas and the Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas.
Talking about the training module on yoga for teacher education programme, she said, the aim is to produce a pool of trained teachers in yoga who meet the upcoming demands.
“We have prepared syllabus for teachers as well. One is diploma in yoga education, bachelors in yoga education and masters in yoga education,” Irani said.
National Council of Teacher Education, in its revised notification has made yoga a compulsory training module along with ICT, gender studies and inclusive education.
Irani, on the occasion, also informed that a mobile app will be launched on July 17 where NCERT books from class I to XII can be downloaded free.
A ‘Kala Utsav’ would also be organised in December at Connaught Place ( Central Park) here where ethnic culture, song and dance would be showcased by students from across the country.


pianomonika said...

The Question:''Is it God, who made this evil world?''
First I want to say, that I was very surprised, that such a question was asked.
Of course ''No''. In Christian faith the evil came into the world with Adam and Eve.
Eve seduced Adam and did hot hear to the words of God.
God gave the mankind free will and it is up to him, to be good or evil.
Sri Aurobindo offered his answer to the questioner and we can see its relevance to the present day realities.
The arduous challenge which every human being has to face in the course of his life.
It is the discovery of the purpose of his own existence.
It is only by rising toward a higher consciousness beyond the mental line, that man can emerge from his inability and ignorance.

pianomonika said...

By Sri Aurobindo Integral Yoga -supramental Yoga was brought into the world.
From India it went around the world.
And now,Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi had started a ministry of yoga.
And the whole world looked to India.

In Integral Yoga the goal is to move inward and discover the Psychic Being, which then can bring about a transformation of the outer nature.
Sri Aurobindo said :'''..One must first acquire an inner Yogic consciousness and replace by it our ordinary view of things, natural movements, motives of life; one must revolutionise the whole present build of our being. Next, we have to go still deeper, discover our veiled psychic entity and in its light and under its government psychicise our inner and outer parts, turn mind-nature, life-nature, body-nature and all our mental, vital, physical action and states and movements into a conscious instrumentation of the soul. Afterwards or concurrently we have to spiritualise the being in its entirety by a descent of a divine Light, Force, Purity, Knowledge, freedom and wideness. It is necessary to break down the limits of the personal mind, life and physicality, dissolve the ego, enter into the cosmic consciousness, realise the self, acquire a spiritualised and universalised mind and heart, life-force, physical consciousness. Then only the passage into the supramental consciousness begins to become possible, and even then there is a difficult ascent to make each stage of which is a separate arduous achievement.'''

pianomonika said...

Prime Minister Narendra Modi has held an impressive speech.
He gave a deeper insight into the world of Yoga; that Yoga is not just a set of exercises.
Meditation helps the spirit in action, knowledge and thoughts.
A wonderful idea, that he released a postal stamp and a commemorate coin on the occasion
of the Yoga-Day.
Happy the one who has the opportunity to buy bone.

Aju Mukhopadhyay said...

You have done a good job by drawing all together. But one thing has to be remembered that the thing introduced recently, so much talked about, is Yoga Asana, the Hathayoga, good for the common people. Yoga in its essence is much higher than this, not only this plus meditation though that is also very good for progress.

pianomonika said...

In the world of Smartphones a free downloading App for Yoga is a good idea to get a start to do it.
But maybe a teacher is needed later.

pianomonika said...

When I read the comment of the esteemed Mister Aju Mukhopadhyay I wanted to know more about the different types of Yoga, which exists.
And I found these :
Bikram Yoga
Vinaya Yoga
Kundalini Yoga
Anusara Yoga.
Ashtanga Yoga and more.
Those interested can search for these terms.
A thanks to Mister Aju Mukhopadhyay, that he has addressed this point.