Saturday, June 18, 2011

Slide Show: Sri Aurobindo And Sri Krishna

Slide Show: Sri Aurobindo And Sri Krishna

Sri Aurobindo And Sri Krishna - Presentation Transcript

  1. Sri Krishna: Sri Aurobindo’s Double
  2. What Sri Aurobindo said
    • From Champaklal Speaks, page 39. Sri Krishna and Sri Aurobindo Kamala's brother Mahesh had come to me in 1923. Obviously we both came for the same purpose, but I found a difference in Sri Aurobindo's way of dealing with us . To me he was speaking and guiding me in his Yoga but to Mahesh he talked of bhakti and upasana [worship] of Sri Krishna. Later I found out that Mahesh was intensely drawn to Sri Krishna and his path was different from mine. One day, however, he expressed his difficulty in reconciling his adoration of Sri Krishna with his surrender to Sri Aurobindo.
    Sri Aurobindo told him: " There is no difference between Krishna and me ."
  3. What Sri Aurobindo said
    • From “Our Light and Delight” by Amal Kiran (K.D.Sethna), pages 68-69:
    • Sri Aurobindo has said, an "identity" between them was made manifest not only within but also in the most external field. The identity can be guessed from some remarks of Sri Aurobindo's about the spiritual light characterizing his inner being:
    • "The pale whitish blue light is 'Sri Aurobindo's light' — it is the blue light modified by the white light of the Mother...
    • A whitish blue like moonlight is known as Krishna's light or Sri Aurobindo's light ".
  4. What Sri Aurobindo said
    • In a letter dated August 14, 1945 to Dilip Kumar Roy, who was greatly under Krishna's spell, we have a more explicit personal note:
    • "If you had an unprecedented peace for so long a time, it was due to my persistent inner pressure; I refuse to give up all the credit to my double, Krishna ."
    An earlier letter (June, 1943) to the same disciple is even more explicit in a personal vein: "If you reach Krishna, you reach the Divine; if you can give yourself to him, you give yourself to me. Your inability to identify may be because you are laying too much stress on the physical aspects consciously or unconsciously."
  5. The Mother’s Work & Sri Krishna
    • In a letter dated July 11,1933 to an aspirant - Narayan Prasad - brought up in a Krishna-charged atmosphere :
    • "The struggle in you (between bhakti for Sri Krishna and the sense of the divinity of the Mother) is quite unnecessary for the two things are one and go perfectly together. It is he who has brought you to the Mother and it is by adoration of her that you will realise him. He is here in the Ashram and it is his work that is being done in this Yoga ."
  6. The Mother’s Experience
    • In Mother's childhood's visions she saw myself whom she knew as ‘Krishna’
  7. How I became Conscious of My Mission (Complete Works of The Mother 13:39)
    • When and how did I become conscious of a mission which I was to fulfil on earth? And when and how I met Sri Aurobindo?
    • These two questions you have asked me and I promised a short reply.
    • Between 11 and 13 a series of psychic and spiritual experiences revealed to me not only the existence of God but man's possibility of uniting with Him, of realising Him integrally in consciousness and action, of manifesting Him upon earth in a life divine.
    • This, along with a practical discipline for its fulfilment, was given to me during my body's sleep by several teachers, some of whom I met afterwards on the physical plane .
    Meeting teachers in Her Dreams
    • Later on, as the interior and exterior development proceeded, the spiritual and psychic relation with one of these beings became more and more clear and frequent ;
    • and although I knew little of the Indian philosophies and religions at that time I was led to call him Krishna , and henceforth I was aware that it was with him (whom I knew I should meet on earth one day) that the divine work was to be done.
    I was led to call him Krishna
    • In the year 1910 my husband came alone to Pondicherry where, under very interesting and peculiar circumstances, he made the acquaintance of Sri Aurobindo. Since then we both strongly wished to return to India – the country which I had always cherished as my true mother-country.
    Coming to India Her true mother-country
  8. Recognizing Sri Aurobindo as Her Krishna
    • And in 1914 … As soon as I saw Sri Aurobindo I recognised in him the well-known being whom I used to call Krishna ... And this is enough to explain why I am fully convinced that my place and my work are near him, in India.
  9. Finally, Siddhi Day Nov. 24 th , 1926
    • The 24th November is called the day of Victory in remembrance of a very important spiritual event which took place in 1926
    • The Mother
    • It was the descent of Krishna into the physical.
    • Sri Aurobindo
  10. The purpose of all this…
    • … to establish Sri Aurobindo’s identity with Sri Krishna, and understand an important aspect of His life in context of the life of Sri Krishna ( janma karma cha me divyam, Gita 4:9 )
    • But more important is to show next how the actual lives of Sri Aurobindo and Sri Krishna run in parallel… even in Their outward Lives.
    • What can Sri Krishna’s life then teach us about Sri Aurobindo’s life?
    • It’s a sad truth that let alone Sri Aurobindo, people don’t even know the truth of Sri Krishna’s life
  11. Sri Krishna’s life
    • The conventional view:
    • Majhaa and mastee with Gopis and various other ladies.
    • A cunning deceiver who used to steal when he was a kid and tricked some noble people in war to gain victory
    • Best of all, He is still having fun with his Gopis in heaven
    • Oh! If only I had a life like Krishna’s. What joy! What fun!
  12. Sri Krishna’s life – the grim truth
    • Birth in a prison
    • Separation from parents
    • A prince brought up by peasants and having to live the life of a mere cowherd
    • Having to fight for his life from start to finish
    • Various demons and asuras try to kill him in the worst ways imaginable
  13. Sri Krishna’s life – the grim truth
    • Has to kill his own uncle
    • The most powerful king (Jarasandha) becomes his mortal enemy and continuously attacks him
    • Has to spend all his life either involved in fighting or on the run
    • Always having to help others and nobody to help Him
  14. Sri Krishna’s life – the grim truth
    • At the end: having to witness his own people kill each other in a drunken brawl
    • Watching his own son, Pradyumna, being killed by his relatives
    • Having to destroy his whole clan with his own hands
    • Dies a painful death, alone and without anybody around him in the forest, for no good reason but a mistake
    • His wives and relatives are abducted, their lives & honor plundered by dacoits, after his death
  15. Sri Aurobindo’s life
    • The conventional view:
    • Privileged life in England and in India
    • Never faced serious problems in youth
    • Lived comfortably well-off for most of his life with other people serving him
    • Was just relaxing or writing or enjoying Brahma-ananda in his Ashram for most of his life
  16. An example of perverse distortion
    • Re: who are these guys by ARNAB MUKHERJEE on Mar 05, 2009 12:27 PM
    • “ Aurobindo was a self-professed godman hailing from Bengal before independance. He was a freedom fighter and had a brilliant career, but after success of Vivekanda he realized that the real success is in the business of religion. He then left his freedom fighting bohemian life and moved to Pondichherry to establish his ashram with foreign aids mostly coming from European followers from diff. countries. Many ppl think that he was actually a freelance spy offering intelligence about British India to any willing buyer. He lead a very comfortable life, like any celeb Sadhu should do, there in the old French colony. His charming Irish girlfriend joined in and they lived together in that ashram. His religious trust is one of the richest if not THE richest in India now .”
    • All of these are absolute falsehoods. Even the description as just a freedom fighter is an untruth since He was one of the most well-known national leaders of the Swadeshi movement in His time
  17. Sri Aurobindo’s Life – The Grim Truth
    • Born in a vast prison – India under British rule
    • At the age of 7 parents leave him thousands of miles away in far of England
    • Can you imagine what life must have been like for a brow-skinned kid in 19 th century England?
    • Lives in poverty with brothers in England. Sometimes no food to eat. Having to beg for money from other people.
    • Gives up lucrative and prestigious career in ICS
    • Returns to India to find father dead due to mistaken identity and mother insane
  18. Sri Aurobindo’s Life – The Grim Truth
    • Never able to enjoy domestic bliss with wife and family due to involvement in freedom struggle
    • Lives separated from wife who herself has a painful life. She dies on her way to meet Him in Pondicherry.
    • Takes on the most powerful empire of the world, His Jarasandha, and is imprisoned in solitary confinement in the worst conditions imaginable for one whole year
    • Continuously hounded and harassed by spies and agents who try over & over to get rid of him
  19. Sri Aurobindo’s Life – The Grim Truth
    • Lives in extreme poverty in Pondicherry for most of his life
    • Although apparently respected by His country-men, they actually ignore him, particularly the national leadership of the Congress
    • Throughout his life has to put up with hostile people who misunderstanding and misrepresent him… even to this very day
  20. His Life – A continuous battle
    • "But what strange ideas again! -- that I was born with a supramental temperament and that I know nothing of hard realities! Good God! My whole life has been a struggle with hard realities, from hardships, starvation in England and constant and fierce difficulties to the far greater difficulties continually cropping up here in Pondicherry, external and internal . My life has been a battle from its early years and is still a battle : the fact that I wage it now from a room upstairs and by spiritual means as well as others that are external makes no difference to its character. But, of course, as we have not been shouting about these things, it is natural, I suppose, for others to think that I am living in an august, glamorous, lotus-eating dreamland where no hard facts of life or Nature present themselves. But what an illusion all the same!" (Volume 26, Sri Aurobindo Birth Centenary Library, p.153-4)
    • I have borne every attack which human beings have borne, otherwise I would be unable to assure anybody "This too can be conquered."
  21. And yet … 2 things stand out
    • Why is it that despite these terrible hardships and trials do we not feel them?
    • The secret is two inter-related aspects of life that are unique to Sri Aurobindo & Sri Krishna
    • Both are “ Anandamaya ”. This means that whatever happens in life it cannot touch something within Them which is full of bliss.
    • While ordinary humans might describe their lives as “ Dukkhamaya ”
  22. This Ananda is from The Impersonal, The Divine
    • The other feature of their lives, which is just another aspect of the Ananda is this… They are both completely IMPERSONAL
    • We see this in Sri Krishna’s and Sri Aurobindo life from the very beginning
    • One feels that there is nothing that can touch Them
  23. Sri Krishna’s Impersonality ( Gita 3:22 – 3:24 )
  24. Degrees of Impersonality
    • Infinite Divine
      • All Life
      • Humanity
      • Race
      • Nation
      • Society
      • Community
      • Friends
      • Family
      • Personal self
    Both Sri Aurobindo and Sri Krishna start and remain at the Highest level of impersonality
  25. What was Sri Krishna here to do? ( Gita 4:7 – 4:8 )
  26. Sri Krishna’s mission
    • Establishment of Dharma Raj
    • Integration of India into a single political union as an empire of Dharma
    • His aim was to establish a Dharmocracy
  27. Unification of India
  28. What was Sri Aurobindo’s Nationalism?
    • I say no longer that nationalism is a creed, a religion, a faith; I say that it is the Sanatan Dharma which for us is nationalism. This Hindu nation was born with the Sanatan Dharma, with it, it moves and with it, it grows. When the Sanatan Dharma declines, then the nation declines, and if the Sanatan Dharma were capable of perishing, with the Sanatan Dharma it would perish.
    Uttarpara Speech
  29. Even here the Impersonal Divine
    • "India does not rise as other countries do, for self or when she is strong, to trample on the weak. She is rising to shed the eternal light entrusted to her over the world. India has always existed for humanity and not for herself and it is for humanity and not for herself that she must be great."
  30. Sri Aurobindo’s Fourth dream
    • Another dream, the spiritual gift of India to the world has already begun. India's spirituality is entering Europe and America in an ever increasing measure. That movement will grow; amid the disasters of the time more and more eyes are turning towards her with hope and there is even an increasing resort not only to her teachings, but to her psychic and spiritual practice.
  31. The Divine Fighter and Victor
    • Was Sri Krishna just a charioteer in the war?
    • Was Sri Aurobindo merely a freedom-fighter?
    • Both Sri Krishna and Sri Aurobindo are master-strategists. Both prefer to work from behind the scenes and control the play of forces to achieve their ultimate aim
    • Both Sri Krishna and Sri Aurobindo can be called ‘Rana-chhod’ (One who runs away from battle)
    • But another name of Sri Krishna is also ‘Rana-priya’ (One who delights in battle). Both Sri Krishna and Sri Aurobindo are not just fighters themselves but also masters at instigating others to war. Sri Krishna is constantly urging others to fight, not just Arjuna but also Bhima
    • “ I have done politics and the most violent kind of revolutionary politics, ghoram karma , and I have supported war and sent men to it, even though politics is not always or often a very clean occupation nor can war be called a spiritual line of action.”
  32. Even here the Impersonal Divine
    • There have been countless leaders in the world. Out of them few have worked to try and unite the people.
    • Out of these most have worked to satisfy their own egos or national pride.
    • Only Sri Krishna and Sri Aurobindo stand out as the ones who engaged in the politics of war and unity with a complete and absolute selflessness.
    • If the political parties could adopt these two as their role models, and their Guru all their problems would be solves and all of India’s problems would be gradually solved as well.
    • Unfortunately Indians have been indoctrinated by the government-controlled education system to blindly hero-worship others like Gandhi and Nehru
  33. Another aspect of the Divine Work The Divine Teaching and Method of Practice (YOGA) ( Gita 4:1 – 4:3)
  34. The teaching of the Gita
    • When I first read the interpretation of the Gita by Sri Aurobindo, it read like the author Himself was explaining it.
    • Tilak on the Gita:
      • When a person is engulfed in commentaries he cannot find a different solution, though he may feel that the solution given in the commentary is not satisfactory.
      • I, therefore, put aside all criticisms and commentaries, and independently and thoughtfully read the Gita over several times.
      • I then got out of the clutches of the commentators and was convinced that the original Gita did not preach the Philosophy of Renunciation ( nivrtti ), but of Energism (Karma Yoga ); and that possibly, the single word yoga used in the Gita had been used to mean Karma Yoga.
  35. Sri Aurobindo & Sri Krishna
    • What does the Gita really represent?
    • The revival and rejuvenation of all of Indian’s spiritual wisdom that preceded it. Mastering all Vedas and Upanishads etc. Gita as “ Sarv-opanishad-artha-sara-sangraha.”
    • Making the wisdom of the veda practical through KarmaYoga and Samata
    • A vast synthesis and a giant step in the spiritual evolution of humanity.
    • A greater synthesis of Yoga is what Sri Aurobindo has accomplished for our age
  36. Also, unity of India for unity of world
    • Ultimate aim of “LokaSangraha” or World-unity as the aim of Dharma and Yoga ( Gita 3:20 & 3:25 )
  37. 3rd dream of Sri Aurobindo
    • The third dream was a world-union forming the outer basis of a fairer, brighter and nobler life for all mankind . That unification of the human world is under way; there is an imperfect initiation organised by struggling against tremendous difficulties. But the momentum is there and it must inevitably increase and conquer.
  38. Sri Aurobindo & Sri Krishna
    • We see almost exact parallels between Sri Krishna and Sri Aurobindo. The same consciousness expressing itself to do the same work
    • The Anandamaya consciousness that blissfully engages in the most terrible world-work
    • Re-establishers of Dharma Raj in India, Dharmocratic politicians and leaders
    • Divine fighters and victors who continually war against adharma
  39. Identity
    • Yogeshwar: the Lord of Yoga who synthesizes and evolves spirituality for a new age
    • Divine Poets (Kavi) who gave expression to the Spiritual Truth
    • World-uniters who impersonally work to bring about human unity and harmony
  40. But we need to remember
    • Sri Aurobindo’s life is not just a repetition of the life of Sri Krishna.
    • There is much more to it that is revealed only in relation to the True Work done with the collaboration of The Mother
    • Sri Krishna wanted to show that it was possible to ascend to the Divine while engaged in any walk of ordinary life
    • Mother Sri Aurobindo are at work to bring down the Divine Life on the earth itself, something that represents an almost total reversal as well as the highest culmination of world spirituality

1 comment:

pianomonika said...

The entire work of Sri Aurobindo is not to describe in few words, it is extensive fully.